1976

Shehovtsov Alexey Mitrofanovich


Zhilovsky Victor D.


Anatoly A. Baranowski


Saulov Nicholas Korneyevich


Sikorskaya Galina


Andrew I. Belko


Klimov Mikhail Trofimovich


Bamuratov Aslon


Kolzhanova Mubin Darakulovna


Baymagambetov Denbergen


Shakyarov Kudrat Abasali oglu


Baysobaeva Kulgaky


Koolmeyster Elvey Iohannesovna


SPEED TEST

Belyakov Leonid

Machinist Kondopoga paper machine pulp and paper named after Sergei Kirov, Hero of Socialist Labor

Belyakov Leonid Now it is impossible to establish which of the first journalists newspapermen called it "magnificent seven". It is a high-speed large-format paper machine number 7 Kondopoga pulp and paper mill. The name stuck and went to wander from the report in the report, a newspaper in the newspaper. A written about the seventh Kondopoga car lot, because that's what it has been demonstrated in the enormous potential of modern technology in paper making skillful and qualified to handle it. Where is the first time in the history of the industry have been developed for the year 120,000 tons of newsprint? On the "seven". Who proved that you can work on sverhproektnyh speeds? Kondopozhtsy. And people here are truly magnificent slumped. Four workers USSR State Prize winner. List the names of the awarded orders and medals, but who does what and what is not rewarded enough for the book list.

That this team and manages the stretch from the date of starting the machine, Leonid I. Belyakov.

He is from the generation that war is found in school desks. He studied and graduated from the seven years. Instead of the eighth grade went to trade school: it was soon to start making a living on their own. The family lived in the village Belyakov Kuvshinovo Kalinin region, there were half-starved. And in 1947, Leonid Belyakov first teenager left their homes, getting on the distribution of work in Karelia. Kondopoga met destroyed dismantled production, unsettled life, unheated barracks, which are closely huddled together are the same as it is, guys with no experience of life, with no job skills. And they guide the plant pinned great hopes: to restore the company, and as soon as possible to set up production of newsprint, printing without which suffocated the country.

The boy, separated from family, terribly depressed. This was the first time in his life and is extremely tough test for strength of character, strength of personality begins to take shape soon. In the evening he went to the shore of the lake, watching the cold inhospitable Onega rolls the heavy waves, and barely restrained desire to sit in the first "wagon" and go home to his family, to friends of his childhood. "Not liking to me here, right now would be gone, but I know-not. Have to work out what was taught. Four years! .., "Wrote Leonid girl that stayed in Kuvshinova.

And many were leaving, could not withstand. But he may have in those years, unconsciously, nurtured his stance:

- First search for light work, then the easy money, easy life, and the end of man.

... A year after his arrival in Kondopoga Leonid wrote in Kuvshinovo same girl Julia, his future wife: "And we have fun. Surprisingly docile machine ... Come to Kondopoga. It is waiting for you ... The city will be good, and at the plant - great prospects. New machines are being built. " The plant, built on the shore of Lake Onega in the years of the first five, and now restored after the military collapse, rapidly increasing its capacity. Already worked two paper machines, a number of mounted ones. Management of companies have noticed persistent inquisitive boy. Do not spare the time, not too lazy, he is not even in her night shift had recourse to the shop to watch the work of skilled masters of old. The result was not slow in coming: the first Leonid old machine was transferred to a second, more powerful. Now it came to the other guys to learn skills, methods of work. A Belyakov did not conceive of himself outside the plant, regardless of profession wallet. Becoming a man was held.

In the early sixties, adopted a resolution on the development of pulp and paper industry. This step was timely and necessary. Paper-making industry, the volume of production, technical equipment of the enterprises so far from the options at the disposal of the state with a highly developed timber industry. Particular attention is paid to the development in the resolution of the production of paper for printing. Abroad were bought eight high-speed machines to produce large-format newsprint. Two of them were intended Kondopoga plant. These were giant machines, the last word in the global papermaking technique. Throughout the world, these machines were a limited number. They struck the size of the length of 150 meters, the height of a three-story house, the width of the paper web to six meters. But most of all-speed paper-tide 750 meters per minute. In short, the emergence of this technique in the paper industry was similar to the appearance of a jet aircraft. After the first speed of 300 feet per minute was considered almost the limit.

Had to overcome a kind of psychological barrier. Began a difficult, sometimes painful process of breaking old established ideas, acquire new knowledge and other skills. How, for example, received one of the paper mills in Sweden, when allowed the same speed the car? Recruited staff of people, strangers to paper production, is not burdened by the inertia of previous experience in the low-speed technology. In Kondopoga follow the example of the Swedes, of course, could not. This is where the people were not just faceless "work force". It was they who raised the plant out of the ruins, restored shops, do not fill up, underfed during the difficult postwar years. On the new unit came their skilled workers and professionals, and among the first-team Leonid Belyakov. He participated in the development of working by the time the mill machinery. Such was his "track record".

Difficulties in the new technology began with the first day. Zakapriznichala machine. They worked with great nervous tension. Then they did not know that at the heart of most problems were errors of designers and manufacturers of the unit, and in the first months of the blame for the "disease" of the machine took over. Get down to the root cause, eliminated them, but as time went on and the car did not want to enter the mode.

On that fateful day Belyakov was the plant with a bad mood. On the eve of the car was stopped for repairs, but to change it should have been run. He entered the shop and immediately felt that it again is not going well. He went to the reel, I saw that on paper, continuous folds. Thought something was wrong with the press. For a long time watching the rotating-pressing rolls wildly, trying to understand what's going on. Touched his hand to the paper web in order to determine its moisture content to the touch. A thought distracted for a split second and that was enough. Powerful vacuum latched his hand to the shaft.

Finally Belyakov recovered in a hospital ward. Bending over him a nurse said:

- The machine should always refer to "you." The first time I tried to "you" and so punished. Do not think so much about his life Leonid I. Belyakov, as lying for days in the hospital. Different thoughts come to mind are good about the past, and obscure, vague, burdensome about what to do next. Brigadier-setochnik with one hand? This does not happen. It can be seen from the likes will have to leave. No longer useful to his knowledge, experience, obtained over the years hard work. Well, all down the drain? Consoled himself nothing, have a family, beloved wife, children, and it's not so little for human happiness. A profession will have to change. There is work to reach. With such thoughts out of the hospital Belyakov. But what happens next, he did not know, did not expect so, as admitted, could not imagine. A few days later he summoned the Director of Works Victor M. Kholopov. Whites entered the familiar room, preparing for the difficult conversation. Greeted him, sat on a chair.

- Like a hand? Asked Kholopov. - Hurts?

- Never mind, already accustomed to.

There was a pause.

- Listen, Leonid, you know, there is mounting "Seven." What if we assign you to a senior engineer it? In Belyakov's heart beat: he thought that misheard.

- On the hand, do not worry, there's no hands, my head is needed.

He blew his seventh car, and he had never worked so hard and so easy a time. Accustomed to his new position, and gradually gave way to doubts and fears of mind. He became the old-snorovistym Belyakov, grip, persistent and lucky. It was October, gray and rainy, like that distant forty-seventh month, when a teenager Lenya Belyakov began his working life. But there was no time to reminisce: approaching launch.

Belyakov Leonid Despite the doubts, the chief assemblers British car immediately spun at a speed of 600 meters. And it went without any vagaries. In the summer of 1966, Leonid Ivanovich was awarded the Order of Lenin and the recognition of his achievements in the development of high-speed paper-making machinery ...

We are sitting at home ... by Leonid Ivanovich in his cozy two-bedroom apartment and conduct a conversation that all the time and once for itself by manufacturing. The window in the elaborately illuminated aquarium goldfish swim.

- It is passion for Julia, says Leonid.

Julia worked at the plant Ilinichna apparatchitsey. The children are adults. Son chauffeur's daughter studying at Art College.

- Pulls man speed away. Here is a wallet-skorostnika try to translate into slow-moving car, would not agree, even though the work it is easier, safer. Was this the case with Nicholas Plyusnin, a senior engineer in the high-speed machines Solikamsk. His friend was working in Maikop on cardboard production. And then he began to lure away Nicholas himself: Come, and come, that you had stayed there on my Ural. Decided to Nicholas went. A few months later a letter comes in Solikamsk: revoke Plyusnina back, while he is not ill from longing for the old job! Director of Works in the Maikop sends a telegram: Forget all come back. Plyusnin, and returned exactly one year later for the best production performance was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor. When truly love their job, your heart will not let go, separation will not forgive. It is said-and I believe it-that Plyusnin can wake up at night feeling that the car was something wrong. Hastening to the plant, and accurately, in a car problem.

- What is it? It seems that talent?

- And who would argue? Of course, talent. But the experience. High level of professionalism. Thorough knowledge of the machine. Technological progress, he gives a lot, but requires a lot of people. If our rates are not immediately orient at breakage of the paper web, a second delay, the other, there will be hell to pay. In such stressful situations helps only experience.

Poskromnichal ... Leonid, said not of himself but of Nicholas Plyusnin from the distant Solikamsk. But I knew how often he came home from work and supper, dark night, when the house is warm and cozy, and the window or the rainy season, or Karelian frosts, again marched to the plant. Is usidish at the TV, if something goes wrong shop. Off with a joke on his wife's comments: "Why, without you can not cope, or what?"

Of course, right. Teams on the machine powerful, knowledge, experience, does not hold. With many of his comrades, he worked for more than a dozen years. He knew that the wallets are not a year or two. If we linked their fate with the people of this profession, then for life. At each of the supervisors could rely, as to itself. But ... Still, when he otsutstvuesh-heart is not in place. Maybe that's why I is not got no passion in life "leisure." For thirty years he lived in Karelia, but not a fisherman and hunter. Work for him, "one, but a fiery passion."

On paper, the plant produced, printed 300 titles of newspapers, including all central. It is exported to thirteen countries around the world.

In the first year of the tenth Five-Year Plan the Government adopted a new resolution to further increase the production of paper for printing. In the short term development of this important product to grow by hundreds of thousands of tons. Big role in the decision and Kondopoga plant. In 1977 he began working here for the first domestic high-speed large-format paper machine at the mill, it is the eighth and the ninth by number. And for the Leonid Ivanovich Kondopoga it was the first car in the start that he was not involved. At "nine" has left his partner, senior engineer Nikolai Zuev. Brigades were recruited mainly from young people, just graduated from the College of Industrial and technical plant. "They are not afraid of speed, not that we at one time, thought, Leonid Ivanovich.-Well, the experience can be acquired."

He himself remained in his "magnificent seven". Forever? Or will ever again see a few meters will run across the paper web is rapidly on the reel of his new car? Who knows. After all, next to the ninth will quickly have a more perfect machine at a rate per thousand feet. Who knows. In the meantime, and in his case enough, do not have to miss ...

Kondopoga "Seven" has reached the design speed and performance in the early seventies. Kondopozhsky skorostniki far ahead of the other six-speed units, and worked at Balakhna Solikamsk plants. But not like the older driver and all the staff of the seventh car was quiet life. Also coming soon to the plant, and colleagues from Balakhna Solikamsk. We went to the shop, happy success comrades envied a bit, asked all sorts of interesting questions, and all recorded and recorded. Kondopozhsky skorostniki willingly shared their secrets. Had long been made between the three groups of enterprises that produce newsprint, an agreement on creative collaboration, and regularly once a quarter, they met to exchange experiences. After that meeting Belyakov realized that satisfied achieved, despite all its successes, too early. From the stories of guests, he felt that if solikamtsev still not going well with the organization of production, balahnintsy succeeded in many ways and begin to step on toes. We had to find room for further expansion of machine performance.

Such a provision is found. Actually, he was known for a long time, but after the turn of the machine design question about its use rose especially sharply. This is the reduction of idle strokes of the unit, the struggle for the highest hourly and shift production. Excitement took all the teams competition.

No matter how well-established mode of a machine, the paper web breaks are inevitable. Too many factors, some of which are known, and other times it is impossible to predict and influence the behavior of the paper web, flying from the grid to roll forward with the speed of an express train. You can work out without breaking change, and even two, but then switched to a law of large numbers, and the break becomes unavoidable. And the sooner likvidiruesh it, the less will work for idle giant machine. In this case, it all depends on experience, skill, quickness, interchangeable team members.

For the reduction of idle moves followed as for sporting achievements. Gang George Boitsova (now the State Prize of the USSR), Leonid Yuryev managed to bring the idle machines to the limit. Belyakov, and all the plant realized that future growth lies in raising the productivity rate. Pwr allowed to do it, but the elements forming the unit did not have time to dehydrate the paper. Cloth torn. That win at high speed, lost in the cliffs. The result was a vicious circle. Break it can be one, "it-modernization, the use of new advanced nodes and elements. And above all, where the paper web is born - in the mesh of the machine.

By this time in the world there has been a rejection of the use of bronze mesh. They were replaced by more durable and flexible synthetic filament capable of a speed and maintain technological mode of formation of the paper web. The first such grid in the industry put on the seventh car in Kondopoga. Again for the umpteenth time the scientific and technical progress challenged Leonid Belyakov. Once started the development. Good luck and breakdowns. Sleepless nights. And behind him was intense production program, which had to do, despite any attendant circumstances. Yes, even while mounted on the machine and the automatic control system technology. By the end of the Ninth Five-seventh Kondopoga machine came significantly updated. She showed the highest productivity in the industry, 120,000 tons of newsprint per year. And the highest rate of eight hundred-plus feet per minute.

And in January, the seventy-sixth year, when kondopozhtsy scheduled plans for the next five years, according to which "the magnificent seven" should be added to the eightieth year in the rate of a further 110 meters, the newspaper was published a decree on awarding L. Belyakov, Hero of Socialist Labor.

I happened to be present ... in conversation with the young Leonid Ivanovich drier of his car.

- Say, here you are working at the plant for thirty years, the term is very large. Was not your case for you something ordinary, familiar, a little exciting? Asked the young worker.

- And how many years you have a car?

- Six.

- So remember, whether you have during the past six years, at least two shifts, absolutely similar to each other? To the mood was the same machine to behave in exactly the same? To at least once you leave the shop, do not worry enough on a particular subject? .. That's it! And you're talking about everyday life. Routine is stagnant, it is when every day the same thing. Or when the work is of little interest. Is our "magnificent seven" of stagnation? Do you agree with me?

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